Historic Mortar Technical Assistance Related Articles

MAINTAINING HISTORIC MASONRY

  • Source: "Your Old House"- Masonry
  • Author: Patterson, Robert M.
  • Summary: In addition to information on how to inspect and analyze masonry problems, and masonry repair procedures, there are illustrations of various brick and stone jointing styles.
  • Web link 

BRICK REPAIR: THE HARD FACTS

  • Source: Old House Authority
  • Author: Duke, Maurice (editing and photography)
  • Summary: Contains information on how to restore and maintain historic masonry. Pictures of good and bad examples of repointing work included.
  • Web link

REPOINTING BRICK

  • Source: This Old House
  • Author: Rist, Curtis
  • Summary: This article details a repointing project done by professional masons from start to finish. Some pictures are included.
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HOW TO REPAIR MORTAR IN A BRICK WALL

  • Source: This Old House
  • Author: Palousek, Danny
  • Summary: This step by step guide on repointing has pictures that demonstrate each step, as well as a shopping list and a tools list.
  • Web link

REPOINTING MORTAR JOINTS IN MASONRY

  • Source: REMR Technical Notes CS-MR-9.5
  • Summary: This article focuses on proper repointing techniques. Look here to find out about proper removal methods, mortar selection, mixture proportions and aging and curing.
  • PDF Web link

BRICK MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR FOR HISTORIC AND LANDMARK STRUCTURES

  • Source: ournal of Architectural Technology
  • Author: Sanders, Arthur,
  • Summary: This article has information on how to tell if brick or masonry is in need of repair, and includes a useful chart of symptoms and possible causes. Also included are instructions on how to budget and schedule repairs; a repointing primer; and glossary
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WALLS: REPOINTING BRICKWORK

  • Source: W.R. Dunn & Co., Historic Building Consultants
  • Summary: This fact sheet gives background information on repointing (what is it and why it needs to be done), causes of pointing failure, mortar selection, and best practices in repointing. Pictures showing good and bad examples of repointing included.
  • PDF Web link 

REVIEW OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE DURABILITY OF REPOINTING MORTARS FOR OLDER MASONRY

  • Source: National Research Council Canada
  • Author: Maurenbrecher, A.H.P.,
  • Summary: This paper covers forms of mortar failure, how to select the appropriate mortar for durability and performance, preparing mortar joints, mixing mortar, applying mortar, curing conditions, and maintenance.
  • PDF Web link

REPOINTING BRICK & STONEWORK

  • Source: Building Conservation Survey
  • Author: Elmbridge.gov
  • Summary: This advisory leaflet includes a 5 step repointing procedure, advice for when an individual brick has to be replaced, information on why and when to repoint, the role of mortar, and rules of thumb for repointing repairs. Illustrations are included.
  • PDF Web link 

A GUIDE TO REPOINTING STONE AND BRICKWORK

  • Source: Nottinghamshire County Council
  • Summary: n this article find out when to repoint and information on good repointing practices, mortar materials selection and how to mix them and the correct tools for the job. Article includes advice on how to remedy some possible problems you may run into.
  • PDF Web link

RESTORING MORTAR JOINTS IN HISTORIC BUILDINGS

  • Source: Masonry Construction
  • Author: Hooker, Kenneth A
  • Summary: This article focuses on the importance of compatible mortar in successful repairs. This article gives information on when to repoint, mortar compatibility, mortar composition, joint preparation, filling and shaping joints.
  • PDF Web link 
  • Publication Date: October, 1993

SELECTING MORTAR FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION PROJECTS

  • Source: Masonry Construction
  • Author: Sickels-Taves, Lauren B.
  • Summary: Advice for determining the composition of historic mortar and identifying mortar components.
  • PDF Web link
  • Publication Date: October, 1997

STANDARDS FOR REHABILITATION AND GUIDELINES FOR REHABILITATING HISTORIC BUILDINGS: EXTERIOR MATERIAL, MASONRY

  • Source: National Park Service
  • Summary: Here are the National Park Service's guidelines for cleaning, protecting, maintaining and repairing historic masonry. Read this publication to find out what the National Park service recommends as well as what they do not recommend.
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REPOINTING MORTAR JOINTS IN HISTORIC MASONRY BUILDINGS

  • Source: National Park Service Preservation Brief #2
  • Author: Mack, Robert C.
  • Summary: A detailed overview of how to repoint mortar joints. This article is a great introduction to repointing historic masonry.
  • Web link